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Iconicity in Language

Iconicity in Language: Bibliography

(last update September 2004)

Anderson, Earl R. 1998. A Grammar of Iconism. London: Associated Press.

Armstrong, David F. 1983. "Iconicity, Arbitrariness, & Duality of Patterning in Signed and Spoken Language." Sign Language Studies 38:

Andrews, Edna. 1993. "The Iconicity of Gender Shifts in Contemporary Russian." In Robert A. Maguire and Alan Timberlake (eds) American Contributions to the Eleventh International Congress of Slavists. Columbus: Slavica. 202-213.

Askedal, John Ole. 1989. "On Language Signs and Linguistic Iconicity." Livstegn (Journal of the Norwegian Association for Semiotic Studies, Bergen, Norway), 7,2: 115-29.

Bates, Elizabeth, et al. 1979. The Emergence of Symbols. New York: Academic Pres

Bencze, Lóránt. 1991. “Iconicity in Hungarian Grammar.” In Bohumil Palek and Pøemysl Janota (eds). Proceedings of LP '90. Linguistics and Phonetics: Prospects and Applications. Prague: Charles University Press. 157-162.

Berezowski, Leszek. 1997. "Iconic Motivation for the Definite Article in English Geographical Proper Names." Studia Anglica Posnaniensia 32: 127-144.

Bergen, Benjamin K. 2004. "The psychological reality of phonaesthemes." Language 80: 290-311.

Bezooyen, Renee van. 1984. Characteristics and Recognizability of Vocal Expressions of Forms of English: Accent, Morpheme, Order. Eds. Isamu Abe and Tetsuya Kamekyo. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press.

Birnbaum, Henrik. 1995. "The Linguistic Sign Reconsidered: Arbitrariness, Iconicity, Motivation." Elementa: Schriften zur Philosophie und ihrer Problemgeschichte, Eisingen 2, 2: 101-130.

Boisson, Claude Pierre. 1993. "La liniearité: Iconicité et arbitraire." In L'ordre des mots, II: Domaine anglais. Sait Etienne: Univ. Jean Monnet. 85-124.

Bolinger, D. 1980. “Signs and Symbols.” Chapter 3 of Language – The Loaded Weapon. London: Longman. 17-24.

Bolinger, D. and D.A. Sears. 1981. (3rd ed.). Aspects of Language. New York: Harcourt, Brace, Jovanovich.

Bonheim, Helmut. 2002. "The materiality of language; Studies in honour of Jon Erickson." In M. Gymnich, A. Nunning and V. Nunning (eds), Literature and Linguistics: Approaches, Models and Applications. Trier: Wissenschaflicher. 147-156

Bonvillian, John D. 1993. "Early Sign Language Acquisition in Children and Gorillas: Vocabulary Content and Sign Iconicity." First Language 13, 3 (39): 315-338.

Bouissac, Paul et al. 1986. (eds) Iconicity: Essays on the Nature of Culture. Tübingen: Staufenburg..

Bouissac, Paul. 1986. "Iconicity and Pertinence." In Paul Bouissac et al. (eds) Iconicity. Tübingen: Stauffenburg. 193-213.

Brekle, Herbert E. 1981. "Zur Integration eines speziellen Typs ikonischer Elemente in primär schriftsprachlichen Wortbildungen einiger europäischer Sprachen." In Wolfgang Pockl (ed.). Europäische Mehrsprachigkeit: Festschrift zum 70. Geburtstag von Mario Wandruszka. Tubingen : Niemeyer. 197-207.

Brinton, Laurel J. 1987. "Diagrammatic Iconicity in English Syntax." Recherches Semiotiques-Semiotic Inquiry. 7,1: 55-72.

Brinton, Laurel J. 1987. "Iconic Word Order Patterns in Chaucerian Prose." In John Deely and Jonathan Evans (eds). Semiotics. Lanham, MD: UP of America. 3-14.

Brinton, Laurel J. 1988. “The Iconicity of Rhetorical Figures: ‘Schemes’ as Devices for Textual Cohesion.” Language and Style 21, 2: 162-90.

Brown, Roger W., Abraham Black, and Arnold E. Horowitz. 1955. "Phonetic Symbolism in Natural Languages." Journal of Abnormal and Social Psychology 50: 388-293.

Bybee, Joan, L. 1985. “Diagrammatic Iconicity in Stem-Inflection Relations.” In John Haiman (ed.)(1985a). 11-48.

Carani, Marie. 1998. "Hypoiconicité comme paradigme des arts visuel." In Visio: Iconicité, Hypoiconicité/Hypoicons. The Journal of the International Association for Visual Semiotics. Vol. 3, No. 1 (Printemps 1998): 65-84.

Chastaign, Maxime. 1958. “Le symbolisme des voyelles, signification de i.” Journal de Psychologie 55: 403-423, 401-481

Chastaign, Maxime. 1964."Nouvelles recherches sur le symbolisme des voyelles." Journal de psychologie1964: 75-88.

Chastaign, Maxime. 1965. "Dernières recherches sur le symbolisme vocalique de la politesse." Revue philosophique 155: 41-56.

Childs, G. Tucker. 1989. "Where do Ideophones Come From?" Studies in the Linguistic Sciences 19, no. 2 (Fall 1989): 55-76.

Childs, G. Tucker. 1994. "Expressiveness in Contact Situations: The Fate of African Ideophones." Journal of Pidgin and Creole Languages 9: 257-82.

Coelho, Carl A. and Robert J. Duffy. 1986. "Effects of Iconicity, Motoric Complexity, and Linguistic Function on Sign Acquisition in Aphasia." Perceptual and Motor Skills 63, 2: pt. 1, 519-530.

Conradie, C.Jac. 2001. "Structural Iconicity. The English S- and OF-Genitives." In Fischer and Nänny (eds) The Motivated Sign. 229-247. Conradie, C. Jac. 2003."The iconicity of Afrikaans reduplication". In MUller and Fischer (eds), 203-223.

Constantini, Michel. 1998. "Sur un paradoxe de l'iconique." In Visio: Iconicité, Hypoiconicité/Hypoicons. The Journal of the International Association for Visual Semiotics. Vol. 3, No. 1 (Printemps 1998): 55-64.

Crystal, David. 1987. “Sound Symbolism.” The Cambridge Encyclopedia of Language. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. 174-75.

Crystal, David. 1995. “Sound Symbolism.” The Cambridge Encyclopedia of the English Language. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. 250-53.

Cuxac, Christian. 1993. "Iconicité des langues des signes." Faits de Langues 1: 47-56, 92-95.

Cuxac, Christian. 1999. “The Expression of Spatial Relations and the Spatialization of Semantic Relations in French Sign Language.” In Fuchs, Catherine and Stephane Robert (eds). Language Diversity and Cognitive Representations. Amsterdam: Benjamins. 123-42.

Cuxac, Christian. 2000. “Compositionnalite sublexicale morphemique-iconique en langue des signes francaise.” Recherches-Linguistiques-de-Vincennes (RLdV), 29: 55-72.

Cuxac, Christian. 2000. “La Langue des Signes Francaise (LSF): Les Voies de l'iconicite.” Faits de Langues: Revue de Linguistique, 15-16: 1-391.

Cuxac, C. 2000. “Iconicity of Sign Languages.” In Taylor, Martin M. et al. (eds). The Structure of Multimodal. Dialogue, II. Philadelphia, PA : Benjamins. 321-34.

Danaher, David. 1998. "Peirce's Semiotic and Conceptual Metaphor Theory." Semiotica 119:1-2, 171-207.

Danesi, Marcel. 1985. "The Metaphorical Extension of Vision: A Linguistic Universal?" Geolinguistics 11: 1-12.

Danesi, Marcel. 1998. "Conceptual Iconicity and Grammatical Rules: Towards a 'Reflexive Grammar'." In William Pencak and Ralph J. Lindgren (eds). New Approaches to Semiotics and the Human Sciences. New York, NY : Peter Lang. 241-264.

Danon-Boileau, Laurent. 1993. "De quelques préjugés relaltifs à l'usage des notions de motivation et d'iconicité." Faits de Langues 1: 79-87.

Danon-Boileau, Laurent. 1993. "Motivation et iconicité." Faits de Langues 1: 1.

Deely, John. 1982. "Antecedents to Peirce's Notion of Iconic Signs." In Michael Herzfeld and Margot D. Lenhart (eds) Semiotics 1980. New York: Plenum. 109-120.

Deely, John. 1986. "Idolum: Archeology and Ontology of the Iconic Sign." In Paul Bouissac et al. (eds) Iconicity. Tübingen: Stauffenburg. 29-49.

Dorleijn, Gillis. 1991. "'Je bent in Groningen, maar hier': Enkele opmerkingen over iconiciteit." In Rien T. Segers (ed.). Visies op cultuur en literatuur: Opstellen naar aanleiding van het werk van J. J. A. Mooij. Amsterdam : Rodopi. 123-130.

Droste, Filip G. and John Fought. 1989. Arbitrariness, Iconicity and Conceptuality. Duisburg: L.A.U.D. no.A 263.

Eco, Umberto. 1972. "Introduction to a Semiotics of Iconic Signs." Versus 2: 1-15.

Eco, Umberto. 1998. "Réflexions à propos du débat sur l'iconisme (1968-1998). In Visio: Iconicité, Hypoiconicité/Hypoicons. The Journal of the International Association for Visual Semiotics. Vol. 3, No. 1 (Printemps 1998): 9-32.

Edeline, Francis. 1999. "Le Roi Arthur et la semiotique visuelle." In Martin Heusser et al. (eds) Text and Visuality. Amsterdam: Rodopi. 207-218.

Engberg-Pedersen, Elisabeth. 1996. "Iconic Motivations in Conflict: Language-Specific Structure and Influence from the Medium." In Elisabeth Engberg-Pedersen et al. (eds). Content, Expression and Structure: Studies in Danish Functional Grammar. Amsterdam: Benjamins. 39-64.

Engberg-Pedersen, Elisabeth. 1996. "Iconicity and Arbitrariness." In Elisabeth Engberg-Pedersen et al. (eds). Content, Expression and Structure: Studies in Danish Functional Grammar. Amsterdam: Benjamins. 453-468.

Enkvist, Nils Erik. 1981. “Experiential Iconicism in Text Strategy.” Text 1,1:97-111.

Enkvist, Nils Erik.1990. “Discourse Comprehension, Text Strategies and Style.” AUMLA, no.73: 166 - 180.

Ertel, Suitbert. 1969. Psychophonetik. Untersuchungen über Lautsymbolik und Motivation. Göttingen: Hogrefe.

Even, Zohar Itamar. 1986. "Depletion and Shift: The Process of De-Iconization." In Paul Bouissac et al. (eds) Iconicity. Tübingen: Stauffenburg. 339-351.

Fabbrichesi, Rossella. 1981. "L'iconisme e l'interpretazione fenomenologica del concetto di somiglianza in Peirce." Acme 34, 3: 467-498.

Fenk, August. 1998. "Symbols and Icons in Diagrammatic Representation." Pragmatics and Cognition 6, 1-2: 301-34.

Fenk, August. 1997. "Representation and Iconicity." Semiotica 115, 3-4: 215-234.

Fischer, Andreas. 1999. "What, if Anything, Is Phonological Iconicity?" In Nänny and Fischer (eds) Form Miming Meaning. 123-134.

Fischer, Andreas. 1999. "Graphological Iconicity in Print Advertising." In Nänny and Fischer (eds) Form Miming Meaning. 251-283.

Fischer, Olga. 1994. “The Development of Quasi-Auxiliaries in English and Changes in Word Order.” Neophilologus 78: 137-164.

Fischer, Olga. 1995. “The Distinction Between To and Bare Infinitival Compliments in Late Middle English.” Diachronica 12: 1-30.

Fischer, Olga. 1997. “Iconicity in Language and Literature. Language Innovation and Language Change.” Neuphilologische Mitteilungen 98: 63-87

Fischer, Olga. 1999. "On the Role Played by Iconicity in Grammaticalisation Process." In Nänny and Fischer (eds) Form Miming Meaning. 345-374.

Fischer, Olga. 2001. "The Position of the Adjective in (Old) English from an Iconic Perspective." In Fischer and Nänny (eds) The Motivated Sign. 249-276.

Fischer, Olga. 2004. "Evidence for Iconicity in Language". In 'Aspects of iconicity in comtemporary linguistics', special issue, Klaas Willems (ed.), Logos and Language 5: 1-16.

Fischer, Olga and Wolfgang G. Müller: ‘Introduction: From Signing back to Signs’. In Müller and Fischer (eds), 1-20.

Fischer, Olga and Max Nänny. 1999. "Introduction: Iconicity as a Creative Force in Language Use." In Nänny and Fischer (eds) Form Miming Meaning. xv-xxxvi.

Fischer, Olga and Max Nänny. 2001. "Introduction: Iconicity and Nature." In Fischer and Nänny (eds) Iconicity. Special Number of the European Journal of English Studies (EJES) 5, 1: 3-16.

Fischer, Olga and Max Nänny (eds). 2001. The Motivated Sign. Iconicity in Language and Literature 2. Amsterdam: Benjamins.

Fischer-Jørgensen, Eli. 1967. “Perceptual Dimensions of Vowels.” To Honor Roman Jakobson: Essays on the Occasion of His Seventieth Birthday. Vol. I The Hague: Mouton. 667-71.

Fischer-Jørgensen, Eli. 1978. “On the Universal Character of Phonetic Symbolism with Special Reference to Vowels.” Studia Linguistica 32:80-90.

Fleishman, Suzanne. 1989. “Temporal Distance: A Basic Linguistic Metaphor.” Studies in Language 13: 1-30.

Fónagy, Ivan. 1956. “Üeber die Eigenart des sprachlichen Zeichens.” Lingua 6: 12-58.

Fónagy, Ivan. 1961. “Communication in Poetry.” Word 17: 194-201.

Fónagy, Ivan. 1962. “Mimik auf glottaler Ebene.” Phonetica 8: 309-320.

Fónagy, Ivan. 1964. “Information du style verbal.” Linguistics 4: 19-47.

Fónagy, Ivan. 1971. “Double Coding in Speech.” Semiotica 3: 189-222.

Fónagy, Ivan. 1980a. La métaphore en phonétique. Ottawa: Didier.

Fónagy, Ivan. 1980b. “Structure sémantique des signes de ponctuation.” Bulletin de la Société Linguistique de Paris 75: 95-129.

Fónagy, Ivan. 1981a. “A semiotic Approach to Prosodic Irregularities.” In Wolfgang Dressler et al. (eds) Phonologica. Innsbruck: Institut für Sprachwissenschaft der Universität Innsbruck. 137-152.

Fónagy, Ivan and Klara Magdics. 1963. “Emotional Patterns in Intonation and Music.” Zeitschrift für Phonetik 16: 293-326.

Fónagy, Ivan, M.H. Han and Péla Simon. 1983. “Oral Gesturing in Two Unrelated Languages.” In Peter Winkler (ed.). Investigations of the Speech Process. Quantitative Linguistics 19. Bochum: Brockmeyer. 103-122.

Fónagy, Ivan, 1988. "Live Speech and Preverbal Communication." In Marge E. Landsberg (ed.) The Genesis of Language: A Different Judgement of Evidence. New York: Mouton.

Fónagy, Ivan. 1995. “Iconicity of Expressive Syntactic Transformations.” In Marge E. Landsberg (ed.), Syntactic Iconicity and Linguistic Freezes. The Human Dimension. Berlin: Mouton de Gruyter. 285-304.

Fónagy, Ivan. "Why Iconicity?" In Nänny and Fischer (eds) Form Miming Meaning. 3-36.

Fónagy, Ivan. 2001. Languages Within Language. An evolutive approach. Amsterdam: Benjamins.

Francis, Elaine J. 1998. "Some Semantic Reasons Why Iconicity between Lexical Categories and Their Discourse Functions Isn't Perfect." Language Sciences 20, 4: 399-414.

French, Patrice L. 1972. “Towards an Explanation of Phonetic Symbolism.” Word 28:305-22.

Frishberg, Nancy. 1975. "Arbitrariness and Iconicity in American Sign Language." Language 51: 696-719.

Fudge, Erik. 1970. "Phonological Structure and Expressiveness." Journal of Linguistics 16: 161-188.

Gebels, g. 1969. "An Investigation of Phonetic Symbolism in Different Cultures." Journal of Verbal Learning and Verbal Behaviour 8: 310-312.

Geeraerts, Dirk. 1990. "Homonymy, Iconicity, and Prototypicality." Belgian Journal of Linguistics 5: 49-74.

Givón, T. 1985. “Iconicity, Isomorphism and Non-Arbitrary Coding in Syntax.” In J. Haiman (ed.) (1985a). 187-219.

Givón, T. (1994). “Isomorphism in the Grammatical Code: Cognitive and Biological Considerations.” In R. Simone (ed.). 47-76.

Givón, Talmy. 1995b. "Isomorphism in the Grammatical Code: Cognitive and Biological Considerations". In R. Simone (ed.). 47-76.

Graham, Joseph F. 1992. Onomatopoetics: Theory of Languae and Literature. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Greenberg, Joseph H. 1995. "On Language-Internal Iconicity". In Marge E. Landsberg (ed.), 57-63.

Greim, Barbara D. 1983. "The Elliptical Idiom: Change from Icon and Index to Symbol." In Irmengard Rauch and Gerald F. Carr (eds) Language Change. Bloomington: Indiana UP. 1-9.

Griffith, Penny L. et al. 1981. "Perception of Iconicity in American Sign Language by Hearing and Deaf Subjects." Journal of Speech and Hearing Disorders 46, 4: 388-39

Grote, Klaudia and Erika Linz: ‘The influence of sign language iconicity on semantic conceptualization’, in Muller and Fischer (eds), 23-40.

Groussier, Marie et al. 1993. "La Double Iconicite des prépositions." Faits de Langues: Revue de Linguistique 1: 141-150, 199-203.

Haas, Mary R. 1973. "The Expression of the Diminutive." In Studies in Linguistics in Honor of George L. Trager. Ed. M. Estelleie Smith. The Hague: Mouton.

Haase, Martin. 1993. "Pointing with Sounds: Iconicity and Deictic Localisation." In Thomas Muller-Bardey and Werner Drossard (eds). Aspekte der Lokalisation. Bochum : Brockmeyer. 105-119.

Haase, Martin. 2001. “Local Deixis.” In Haspelmath, Martin et al. (eds). Language Typology and Language Universals/Sprachtypologie und sprachliche Universalien/La Typologie des langues et les universaux linguistiques: An International Handbook/Ein internationales Handbuch/Manuel international, 1-2. Berlin: de Gruyter. 760-68

Haiman, J. 1980. “The Iconicity of Grammar: Isomorphism and Motivation.” Language 56: 515-540.

Haiman, John. 1983. “Iconic and Economic Motivation.” Language 59: 781-819.

Haiman, John. 1985a. (ed.) Iconicity in Syntax. Amsterdam: Benjamins.

Haiman, John. 1985b. Natural Syntax: Iconicity and Erosion. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Haiman, John. 1992. “Iconicity.” In International Encyclopedia of Linguistics. 4 Vols. Ed. William Bright. Oxford: OUP. Vol. 2: 191-195.

Haiman, John. 1993. “Life, the Universe, and Human Language (a Brief Synopsis).” Language Sciences 15: 293-322.

Haiman, John. 1993. “Iconicity and Syntactic Change.” In Encyclopedia of Language and Linguistics. Oxford: Pergamon Press. 1633-1639.

Haiman, John. 1994. “Ritualization and the Development of Language.” In William Pagliuca (ed.), Perspectives on Grammaticalization. Amsterdam: Benjamins. 3-28.

Haiman, John. 1997a. “Self-Abasement in Language. A Case Study on the Viability of a Metaphor.” In Joan Bybee, John Haiman and Sandra A.Thompson (eds), Essays on Language Function and Language Type. Dedicated to T.Givón. Amsterdam: Benjamins. 181-198.

Haiman, John. 1997b. “Repetition and Identity.” Lingua 100: 57-70.

Haiman, John. 1998. Talk is Cheap. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Haiman, John. 1999. "Action, Speech, and Grammar: The Sublimation Trajectory." In Nänny and Fischer (eds) Form Miming Meaning. 37-57.

Hampe, Beate and Doris Schönefeld. 2003. "Creative syntax: Iconic principles within the symbolic". In Muller and Fischer (eds), 243-261.

Hanika, Johann. 1952. “Der r-Laut in Fruchtbarkeitsriten und das Schnurholz.” Bayerisches Jahrbuch für Volkskunde.79-90.

Harm, Volker. 2003. "Diagrammatic iconicity in the lexicon: Base and derivation in the history of German verbal word-formation". In Muller and Fischer (eds), 225-242.

Harris, Roy. 1987. "The Ideological Implications of Onomatopoeia in the Eighteenth Century." Studies in Eighteenth Century Culture 17: 209-216.

Herlofsky, William J. 2001. "Icons, Anaphors, and the Evolution of Language." In Fischer and Nänny (eds) The Motivated Sign. 55-66.

Herlofsky, William J. 2003.: ‘What You See Is What You Get: Iconicity and metaphor in the visual language of written and signed poetry: A cognitive poetic approach’. In Muller and Fischer (eds), 41-61.

Hervey, Sandor. 1988. "Economy and Motivation in Semiotic Systems." La Linguistique 24, 2: 141-158.

Hinton, Leanne, Johanna Nichols, and John J. Ohala (eds). 1994. Sound Symbolism.

Hiraga, Masako K. 1993. "Metaphorical Iconicity in Language." In André Crochetiere et al. (eds) Les Langues menacées/Endangered Languages. Sainte Foy: PU Laval. I: 173-175.

Hiraga, Masako K. 1994. "Diagrams and Metaphors: Iconic Aspects in Language". Journal of Pragmatics 22: 5-21.

Hohenhaus, Peter. 2004. "Identical Constituent Compounding - A Corpus-based Study". Folia Linguistica 297-331.

Holyoak, Keith J. and Paul Thagard. 1995. Mental Leaps. Analogy in Creative Thought. Cambridge, Mass.: MIT Press.

Horanyi, Ozseb. 1981. "Remarks on Peirce's Term 'Icon'." In Kenneth L. Ketner et al. (eds) Proceedings of the C.S. Peirce Bicentenary Congress. Lubbock: Texas Tech. U. 59-62.

Hübler, Axel. 2003. ‘Spatial iconicity in two English verb classes’. In Muller and Fischer (eds), 63-76.

Householder, Fred W. 1946. "On the Problem of Sound and Meaning, an English Phonestheme." Word 2: 83-84.

Itkonen, Esa. 1994. “Iconicity, Analogy and Universal Grammar.” Journal of Pragmatics 22: 37-53.

Jakobson, R. 1960. “Closing Statement: Linguistics and Poetics.” In Thomas Sebeok (ed.) Style in Language. Cambridge, Mass.: M.I.T. Press. 350-77.

Jakobson, Roman. 1971a. “Why ‘Mama’ and ‘Papa’? (1960)”. Selected Writings. Vol. 1: Phonological Studies. 2nd, expanded ed. The Hague: Mouton. 538-45.

Jakobson, Roman. 1971b. “Quest for the Essence of Language [1965].” Selected Writings Vol. II. 345-59.

Jakobson, Roman. 1971c. “Language in Relation to Other Communication Systems.” Selected Writings vol. II. 697-708.

Jakobson, Roman and Linda A. Waugh. 1987. The Sound Shape of Language. 2nd edn. Berlin: Mouton de Gruyter.

Jansen, Frank and Leo Lentz. 2001. "Present Participles as Iconic Expressions." In Fischer and Nänny (eds) The Motivated Sign. 277-288.

Jappy, A.G. 1988. "Iconisme linguistique." Degrés 54-55: h1-h10.

Jappy, Anthony. 1993. "Iconicity and Word Order." In L'ordre des mots, II: Domaine Anglais. St. Etienne: Univ. Jean Monnet. 21-34.

Jappy, Anthony. 1997. "Diagram, Metaphor and the Avoidance of Chiasmus." In Irmengard Rauch and Gerald F. Carr (eds). Semiotics around the World: Synthesis in Diversity, I-II. Berlin: Mouton de Gruyter. 1077-1080.

Jappy, Anthony. 1999. " Iconicity and Inference: Peirce's Logic and Language Research." In IN Michael Shapiro, Haley-Michael (eds). Proceedings of the International Colloquium on Language and Peircean Sign Theory. New York, NY : Berghahn. 41-76.

Johansen, Jørgen Dines. 1993. Dialogic Semiosis. An Essay on Signs and Meaning. Bloomington: Indiana University Press.

Joseph, Brian D. 1987. "On the Use of Iconic Elements in Etymological Investigation: Some Studies from Greek." Diachronica 4, 1-2: 1-26.

Joseph, John E. 2001. Limiting the Arbitrary. Linguistic Naturalism and its Opposites in Plato’s Cratylus and Modern Theories of Language. Amsterdam: Benjamins.

Jurafsky, Daniel. 1996. “Universal Tendencies in the Semantics of the Diminutive.” Language 72: 533-578.

Kaiser, Lizanne. 1999. “Representing the Structure-Discourse Iconicity of the Japanese Post-Verbal Construction.” In Darnell, Michael et al. (eds). Functionalism and Formalism in Linguistics, I: General Papers; II: Case Studies. Amsterdam: Benjamins. 107-29.

Karlsson, Fred. 1984. "Structure and Iconicity in Sign Language." In Filip Loncke et al. (eds). Recent Research in European Sign Languages. Lisse: Swets & Zeitlinger. 149-155.

Kim, Andrew Inseok. 1989. "Iconicity as a Constraint on First and Second Language Acquisition: Relativization in Korean and English." DAI Ann Arbor, MI (DAI). 1989 June, 49:12, 3646A.

Kim, Hyang ryun. 1989. "Iconicity in Syntactic Coding of Topic Continuity - Based on English Narrative." The Journal of English Language and Literature 35, 4: 785-810.

Kimenyi, Alexandre. 1989. "Reduplication and Binomial Expressions in English: A Case of Syntagmatic Iconicity." In Irmengard Rauch and Gerald F. Carr (eds). The Semiotic Bridge: Trends from California. Berlin: Mouton de Gruyter. 347-54.

Klamer, Marian. 2002. "Semantically motivated lexical patterns: A study of Dutch and Kamberra expressives." Language  78

Klausenburger, Jürgen. 1989. "Abstractness, Iconicity, Redundancy: Reflections on French Inflections." Zeitschrift für Französische Sprache und Literatur 99, 3:, 225-233.

Kleiber, Georges. 1993. "Iconicite d'isomorphisme et grammaire cognitive." Faits de Langues: Revue de Linguistique 1: 105-121.

Klinkenberg, Jean Marie. 1985. "El signo iconico: La retorica iconica." In Gallardo Miguel Angel Garrido (ed.) Teoria semiotica: Lenguajes y textos hispanicos." Madrid: Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Cientificas. 713-722.

Kouwenberg, Silvia and Darlene LaCharité. 2001. "The Iconic Interpretations of Reduplication: Issues in the Study of Reduplication in Caribbean Creole Languages." In Fischer and Nänny (eds) Iconicity. Special Number of the European Journal of English Studies (EJES) 5, 1: 59-80.

Kouwenberg, Silvia (ed.) 2003. Twice as Meaningful. Reduplication in Pidgins, Creoles and other contact languages. London: Battlebridge.

Kopnick, Lutz. 1992. "The Semiotic Poetential for Iconicity in Spoken and Written Language." Deutsche-Vierteljahrsschrift-für-Literaturwissenschaft-und-Geistesgeschichte (DVLG), 66:2: 361-89.

Kortmann, Bernd. 1999. "Iconicity, Typology and Cognition." In Nänny and Fischer (eds) Form Miming Meaning. 375-392.

Krampen, Martin. 1986. "The Development of Children's Drawings as a Phase in the Ontogeny of Iconicity." In Paul Bouissac et al. (eds) Iconicity. Tübingen: Stauffenburg. 141-191.

Labrune, Laurence. 1998. “De l'iconicite en japonais: Suffixes en r+voyelle et reduplication.” Cahiers de Linguistique Asie Orientale (CLAO), 27(1): 79-118.

Lakoff, George and Mark Johnson. 1980. Metaphors We Live By. Chicago: Chicago University Press.

Landsberg, Marge E. 1981. "On Iconicity and Semiotics: Reply to Feldman." Current-Anthropology, 22:3: 302-305.

Landsberg, Marge E. 1986. "Iconic Aspects of Language: The Imitation of Nonlinguistic Reality." Quaderni di Semantica 7.2:

Landsberg, Marge E. (ed.). 1988. The Genesis of Language: A Different Judgement of Evidence. New York: Mouton.

Landsberg, Marge E. 1988. "On Linguistic Territoriality, Iconicity and Language Evolution." In Marge E. Landsberg (ed.) The Genesis of Language: A Different Judgement of Evidence. Berlin: Mouton de Gruyter.

Landsberg, Marge E. (ed). 1995. Syntactic Iconicity and Linguistic Freezes: The Human Dimension. Berlin: Mouton de Gruyter.

Langacker, Ronald W. 1991.Concept, Image and Symbol. The Cognitive Basis of Grammar. Berlin: Mouton de Gruyter.

Larsen, Sven Erik. 1989. "Manet, Picasso, and the Spectator: Identity or Iconicity?" Livstegn 7, 2: 99-113.

Lecercle, Jean-Jacques. 1990. The Violence of Language. London: Routledge.

Lecercle, Jean-Jacques. 2001. "Of Markov Chains and Upholstery Buttons. 'Moi, madame, votre chien...'" In Fischer and Nänny (eds) The Motivated Sign. 289-302.

Lee, Michael. 1988. "Language, Perception and the World." In John A. Hawkins (ed.) Explaining Language Universals. Oxford: Blackwell. 211-46.

Levy, Selvano. 1986. "Linguistic Principles and Iconic Communication." Journal of Literary Semantics. 15,3: 216-26.

Liszka, James Jakób. 1996. A General Introduction to the Semeiotic of Charles Sanders Peirce. Bloomington and Indianapolis: Indiana University Press.

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